Explore Amazon
  • Access Amazon Expedition Magazine a Journal of Research on Amazon at https://www.amazonexpeditionmaganize.com
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Access : AMAZON Manifest COP26 | Amazon Messages 


Amazon Expedition 
In July 2016, the Expedition left the city of Manaus (Brazil) to Iquitos in Peru.
        (Photo: Expedition departure from Manaus Harbor, 2016)

“The River Expedition on the Amazon River from Peru to the Atlantic in Brazil. The 1st. and the 2nd. Phases started in July 2016 and ended in December 2016. In 2017, the 3rd. Part of the Expedition went up the Madeira River (Madeira) (the largest tributary on the right bank of the Amazon) from Manaus (Brazil) to Porto Velho (Old Harbor) in Brazil. In the third phase, the Expedition goes to the Eastern Equatorial Pacific (Peru-Chile) for research on the temperature at sea level during the El Niño period. It conducts geophysical and geochemical research in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile”.

The Expedition focuses on Climate and Environment in the Biosphere-Atmosphere Interaction in the Amazon. To this end, it uses navigation along the rivers of the Amazon, carrying out geoscience research (Eddy Covariance, Geochemical Analysis of Water, Analysis of Biological Ecosystems Scenarios).

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DOI: 10.22564/rbgf.v35i3.882

2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/350621264_Hal_3_geoprocessingNEWTON_ET_AL_2019_5_10_30002


(Amazon River Expedition - Film) See below:


(Expedição Rio Amazonas - Filme em Português) Veja abaixo:


Explore the Amazon


Document the "Present State" of the Amazon in the scope of Hydrosphere, Biosphere and Atmosphere.

Research by Dr.  Roseilson Souza do Vale 

(Hydroclimatologist | UFOPA-PA | Brazil)

He works professionally as a professor at the Institute of Engineering and Geosciences - Atmospheric Sciences Course - Tapajós Campus of the Federal University of Oeste do Pará. He works mainly on the following subjects: Hydroclimatology, Flow Exchanges at the water-air interface and Micrometeorology.


(Near-Surface Atmospheric Turbulence in the Presence of a Squall Line above a Forested and Deforested Region in the Central Amazon)

2. https://www.mdpi.com/20734433/12/8/1043                Comparing the Air Turbulence above Smooth and Rough Surfaces in the Amazon Region

3. https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2020JG006014ttps://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2020JG006014

Hotspots of Diffusive CO2 and CH4 Emission From Tropical Reservoirs Shift Through Time
(Photo : UFOPA - Tapajós Campus | Santarém - PA / Brazil, Juan Azevedo)

Access: Visit to MUSA (Manaus-Brazil) in portuguese

youtube:  https://youtu.be/tfG4CWDSZF8

1st Edition (SEP-OCT) 2022

(*) Partner Institution ( Film in Spanish)

Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana - IIAP

 (Iquitos|Loreto - Peru)


The Present State of the      Amazon River        
                       (Photo: Manaus Harbor, 2018. Brazil)

The Amazon with its tropical forest and in possessing the longest river in the world, in addition to having the greatest biodiversity of both plant and  animal, to be the biggest contributor in the capture of atmospheric CO2, also to favor the  rains throughout South America and to influence the global circulation of the atmosphere  balancing the temperature of the planet.

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1.   https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338186119_Reduction_in_water_levels_and_regional_warming_of_the_Amazon_River_from_Peru_to_the_Atlantic_Ocean_in_Brazil_due_to_the_effects_of_the_2016_ENSO

2. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/350620980_Atmospheric_conditions_in_the_Amazon_River_region_the_dry_season

Georeferenced map of the Amazon River 

Georeferenced map of the Amazon River (from Peru to the Atlantic Ocean in Brazil), containing 51 locations along the river, with their respective geochemical analyzes of water quality. The document provides geographic information on the locations monitored during the dry season in the Amazon (July 2016). work carried out during the Peru-Brazil River Expedition trip, in addition to the same information for the Madeira (Wood) River between the cities of Manaus in Amazonas to Porto Velho (Old Harbor) in Brazil.

Map (pdf) - (download here)


Dr. Aldemir Malveira de Oliveira (Mathematical)

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3. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/350620980_Atmospheric_conditions_in_the_Amazon_River_region_the_dry_season

See  author profiles for this publication at: (download here)

1. Chemical composition of black water creeks from northern of Amazon - Brazil


Madeira (Wood) River

“Egypt is a gift of the Nile”, (HERÓDOTO, séc. V, a.C. apud MORAES, 1999), an observation that is identical in relation to a habitat in the western world in South America, specifically communities in the north of Brazil such as Porto Velho (Old Harbor), Humaitá, Manicoré, Novo Aripuanã, Borba and Nova Olinda do Norte, which can be thought of as gifts from the Madeira (Wood) River. The Madeira River is the most inhabited and commercially exploited of the tributaries of the right (southern) bank of the Solimões-Amazonas River system (RAPP PY-DANIEL, 2007). The river received this name because of the enormous quantity of tree trunks that its waters carry throughout the entire year (STERNBERG, 1975). The true grandeur of this river lies in its richness in fish species (DORIA et al., 2012;along it margins, vast alluvial plains have developed through deposition of sediments carried in the water (HORBE et al., 2013), which also contain gold. Its geographic location allows for a shipping route for soybeans produced in the Center-West region of Brazil to the Atlantic Ocean (Correa and Ramos, 2010), besides providing ample hydroelectrical energy through the dams at Jirau and Santo Antônio, which do not use conventional reservoirs (ANEEL).

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Manicoré City  in Madeira (Wood) River

Aerial view in the direction Porto Velho (Old Harbor) to Manaus of the city of Manicoré on the Madeira (Wood) River in July 2018. 

Artistic representation of the profiles of the geoindicators for terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems along the Madeira (Wood) River, with emphasis on the effects of erosion caused by vortices as observed in the 2018 field campaign, (not to scale).

Black River in the La Niña Period (2020/2021) and the Climate of the Amazon

The Black River (Rio Negro) is a river that rises in the Guyanese shield in North South America in Colombian territory (Guainia River) and comes towards the great Amazon River (Brazil), where it has its mouth, where its black waters meet the waters of the Solimões river in front of the city of Manaus (Latitude: - 3.10719 Longitude: - 60.0261). Its volume is strongly influenced by the seasonal climatological phenomena of El Niño, when it reaches 13.63 m and in the La Niña period, it reaches up to 30.00 m, as the normal elevation oscillates between 17.54 m and 21.77 m, in relation to sea level, which is distant from its mouth, another 1,054 km to the Atlantic Ocean. It is the largest tributary on the left bank of the Amazon River, being the seventh largest river in the world by volume of water, responsible for 7% of the water it discharges into the Atlantic, the Black drains an area corresponding to 10% of the 7 million kilometers squares of the Amazon Basin. In, Zeidemann, 2001, more water flows through its bed than flows in all the rivers in Europe combined. (Download Here).


Manaus City Center, Northern Brazil in 2021, June on the effects of La Niña (Photo: Niels Lima, 2021, Jun)

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Rain on the Black River (Black Point - Manaus | Brazil, 2021,Sept.)



Group of Master's students from Geneva University (Faculty of Science) . September 2021

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(*)Educational Dimensions (Continuous Process of Intellectual Transformation)

(*) If you would like to receive monthly information about Boletín ASP.  El Niño and La Niña,
 please subscribe to the email. (antoniosalva2002@yahoo.es)

Climate connections in the Amazon

The absorption by trees is approximately 17% greenhouse gas emissions, (BETTS et al., 2011). However, it should not be forgotten that the role of the forest in maintaining the climate of South America due to the hydrological cycle of interaction and regulation of humidity within the rainforest basin, which after the rains, produces intense evaporation and recycling of moisture returns to the forest in the form of rain again, which for researchers (SALATI, MOLION, and MARQUES, 1978 and SELLERS, 1985), a percentage between 30% to 50% of the rains in the Amazon are due to the recycling of evaporation..

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Rains in the Amazon

African aerosols fertilize the trees of the Adolpho Ducke Forest Reserve (Manaus-Brazil), of the Peruvian city of Iquitos, of the Pará city of Santarém (Brazil), and of the forest of the upper Black River border between Colombia and Brazil.

See and Read the Fractus Project (below)

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